Types of Civil Litigation Suits in Texas
Posted in Personal Injury on July 4, 2022
When you are pursuing a legal claim, it is important to be aware of what type of case that you are filing. In the United States, there are two types of litigation: criminal cases, which prosecute an individual for violating laws; and civil cases, which arise when a person or entity files a dispute against another party to recover compensation.
There are several types of civil litigation suits that can arise in Texas, including personal injury claims, contract disputes, and class action lawsuits. If you find yourself embroiled in either end of this litigation, it is important to consult with an attorney as soon as possible.
Personal Injury Lawsuits
Personal injury claims are some of the most common civil litigation suits. These claims arise when a person suffers harm to his or her mind or body as a result of a defendant’s actions. A personal injury lawsuit can be based on negligence, malpractice, or intentional acts of violence.
Through a personal injury claim, the victim can recover a settlement to pay for damages like medical care, lost wages, and pain and suffering. These lawsuits can involve car accidents, property hazards, medical negligence, fraud, and many other incidents.
Breach of Contract Claims
Contracts are very important for businesses and individuals alike. When one party fails to uphold the contractual obligations found in this document, the other party could file a lawsuit against him or her in civil court.
The purpose of a contract dispute claim is to make the plaintiff whole for any damages that occur due to the breach of contract. Many breach contract cases involve violations of business agreements or paid goods or services that are not rendered.
Many disagreements can arise involving property ownership and rights. For example, neighbors may disagree over the placement of a property line. A family member may claim that a loved one’s estate plan was created under undue influence. In these situations, the affected party may file a property dispute in Texas civil court.
Property dispute claims may result in a financial settlement. However, some cases involve other remedies and agreements, such as changes to a will or restriction orders against people who are unwelcome on the property.
Class Action Lawsuits
When multiple people are harmed by the same person or entity, a class action lawsuit may be filed in civil court. These claims seek compensation for the damages that the plaintiffs experienced, often resulting in very large payouts.
For example, a group of consumers may file a lawsuit against a business that manufactured and sold a defective product. Survivors of abuse at the hands of a teacher or community leader may file a lawsuit against the perpetrator.
Speak to a Texas Civil Litigation Attorney
Whether you are filing a lawsuit against a person or entity or find yourself as the defendant in a civil claim, you need an attorney on your side. A Texas civil litigation lawyer will have the skills, experience, and resources necessary to protect your rights during this process and secure the best possible outcome.
As soon as possible, speak to an attorney to discuss your legal options. Your lawyer will assess your situation and help you strategize your next steps.